SAP® Documentation

Single view

ABAPCREATE_DATA_AREA_HANDLE - CREATE DATA AREA HANDLE

BAL_S_LOG - Application Log: Log header data   CL_GUI_FRONTEND_SERVICES - Frontend Services  
This documentation is copyright by SAP AG.
SAP E-Book

CREATE DATA - AREA HANDLE

Short Reference



Syntax

CREATE DATA dref AREA HANDLE handle ...

Effect

This statement creates an anonymous data object as a shared object in the area instance version of the shared memory to which the area handle referenced by handle is bound.

handle expects an object reference variable whose static type is CL_ABAP_MEMORY_AREA or one of its subclasses (area class). When the statement is executed, handle must point to an area handle and the area handle must be associated with an area instance version with a change lock. A reference like this can be created in one of the following ways:

The latter is a reference to an area handle for the current internal session and the statement CREATE DATA operates as if the addition AREA HANDLE is not specified.

Restrictions

The creation of anonymous data objects as shared objects is subject to the following restrictions for data references in the shared objects memory: the storage of data references in closed area instance versions of the shared objects memory is restricted to those dynamic types that are known when loading a program into an internal session.

Therefore, the following data types cannot be used to create anonymous data objects in the shared object memory, if these are to be preserved in a closed area instance version:

  1. All data types created in a temporary subroutine pool created using GENERATE SUBROUTINE POOL.
  2. Data types created dynamically at runtime using methods of the RTTC.
  3. Bound data types of anonymous data objects created at program runtime and to which a dynamic length was assigned when they were created with CREATE DATA.
  4. Bound data types of anonymous data objects created at program runtime and to which a dynamic type requiring length definition was assigned when the data objects were created using CREATE DATA.

Points 3 and 4 include the statement CREATE DATA with the addition AREA HANDLE itself. Exceptions to the restrictions listed under points 2 to 4 are:

  • The restrictions are not valid for data type p.
  • The restrictions are not valid for data types c, n, and x as long as the memory requirements do not exceed 100 bytes.

If a data reference variable that is stored in the shared objects memory refers to an anonymous data object of a dynamic type that is subject to the restrictions, the exception of the class CX_SHM_EXTERNAL_TYPE is raised when the DETACH_COMMIT method is executed.

The following can be used without restriction:

  • All visible data types of global interfaces and classes.
  • Data elements, structures, and database tables and table types from ABAP Dictionary.
  • Data types from type groups.
  • Bound data types of anonymous data objects created at program runtime to which a static type with a static length was assigned when they were created using CREATE DATA.
  • Bound data types of anonymous data objects created at program runtime to which a fully specified dynamic type was assigned when they were created using CREATE DATA.
  • All data types that were created statically in the same program using declarative statements. It should be noted, however, that it is no longer possible to access existing area instances once the creating program is changed.

The additions REF TO and TABLE OF can be used as long as the specified types meet the above requirements. This also applies to the addition HANDLE, which means the type description object must have been created with methods of the RTTI from allowed types.

Notes

  • The only shared object that can be addressed from an ABAP program directly after a binding is made to an area instance version is the instance of the area root class. All other objects have to be referenced in this instance. In particular, there is no direct access to anonymous data objects possible. Instead, the instance of the area root class must contain references to these anonymous data objects, which can also be indirect.
  • It is best to use only global data types with AREA HANDLE. As an occasional replacement for the direct reference to data elements and table types from ABAP Dictionary, the respective types can be created in global interfaces, classes, or even type groups.


Example

Creates an anonymous structure in an area instance version of area CL_DEMO_AREA.

DATA: root   TYPE REF TO cl_demo_root,
      handle TYPE REF TO cl_demo_area.

...

handle = cl_demo_area=>attach_for_write( ).
CREATE OBJECT root AREA HANDLE handle.
handle->set_root( root ).
CREATE DATA root->dref AREA HANDLE handle TYPE scarr.

...

Creating a Data Object as a Shared Object

Exceptions

Catchable Exceptions

CX_SHM_WRONG_HANDLE

  • Cause: The area handle does not hold any change locks.

CX_SHM_ALREADY_DETACHED

  • Cause: The area handle is not bound to an area instance version.

CX_SHM_OUT_OF_MEMORY

  • Cause: There is not enough memory.





CL_GUI_FRONTEND_SERVICES - Frontend Services   CPI1466 during Backup  
This documentation is copyright by SAP AG.

Length: 9615 Date: 20191208 Time: 221042     sap01-206 ( 29 ms )

Our Service

Looking for Support? Questions?

The

Consolut

Callback-Service

Leave us your contact details and we will call you back. Panels marked with * are mandatory.